Background: Hematopoietic cell recipients are reported to have a high prevalence of depression and anxiety. The impact of depression and anxiety on opioid use has not been well characterized. This is of significance as the opioid epidemic continues, and over 60% of deaths secondary to drug overdose involve the use of opioids. Objective: In this retrospective, single-center study of 275 patients who underwent hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) (allogeneic and autologous) for hematological malignancies, we explore the impact of depression and anxiety on opioid use. Results: Patients who were both anxious and depressed at admission for HCT had increased odds of receiving an opioid (odds ratio of 4.50 [95% confidence interval: 1.75, 11.56]) compared with patients who were neither depressed nor anxious. However, patients who were either depressed or anxious did not have different odds of receiving an opioid compared with those who were neither depressed nor anxious. Autologous HCT recipients had reduced odds of receiving an opioid (odds ratio of 0.17 [95% confidence interval: 0.08, 0.38]) compared with patients undergoing allogeneic HCT. Patients with lower Karnofsky performance status (<90 on a scale of 1–100) had an increased incidence of receiving a higher Morphine milligram equivalent daily dosage (incidence rate ratio of 2.59 [95% confidence interval: 1.18, 5.67]) when modeled by zero truncated negative binomial regression. Conclusion: Presence of depression and anxiety impacts opioid use in patients undergoing HCT.
- hematopoietic cell transplant
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Applied Psychology
- Psychiatry and Mental health