Purpose: This study investigated the association between tumorMYCprotein expression and disease-free survival (DFS) of patients randomized to receive chemotherapy alone (Arm A) or chemotherapy with sequential (Arm B) or concurrent trastuzumab (Arm C) in the N9831 (Alliance) adjuvant HER2+ trastuzumab breast cancer trial. Experimental Design: This analysis included 1,736 patients randomized to Arms A, B, and C on N9831. Nuclear MYC protein expression was determined in tissue microarray sections containing three biopsies per patient or whole tissue sections using standard immunohistochemistry (clone 9E10). A tumor was considered positive for MYC protein overexpression (MYC+) if the nuclear 3+ staining percentage was more than 30%. Results: Five hundred and seventy-four (33%) tumors were MYC+. MYC+ was associated with hormone receptor positivity (χ2, P = 0.006), tumors 2 cm or more (χ2, P = 0.02), and a higher rate of nodal positivity (χ2, P < 0.001).HRs for DFS (median follow-up: 6.1 years) for Arm Cversus Awere 0.52 (P=0.006) and 0.65 (P =0.006) for patients with MYC+ and MYC - tumors, respectively (Pinteraction=0.40). For Arm B versus A, HRs for patients with MYC+ and MYC- tumors were 0.79 (P = 0.21) and 0.74 (P = 0.04), respectively (Pinteraction=0.71) . For Arm C versus B, HRs for patients with MYC+ and MYC- tumors were 0.56 (P=0.02) and 0.89 (P = 0.49), respectively (Pinteraction = 0.17). Conclusions: Our data do not support an impact of tumorMYCprotein expression on differential benefit from adjuvant trastuzumab.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research