Impact of Adjuvant Medical Therapies on Surgical Outcomes in Idiopathic Subglottic Stenosis

North American Airway Collaborative

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives/Hypothesis: Adjuvant medications including proton pump inhibitors (PPI), antibiotics (trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole [TMP-SMX]), and inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) may be prescribed for patients with idiopathic subglottic stenosis (iSGS). We describe medication use with endoscopic dilation (ED) or endoscopic resection with medical treatment (ERMT) and evaluate impact on outcomes. Study Design: International, prospective, 3-year multicenter cohort study of 810 patients with untreated, newly diagnosed, or previously treated iSGS. Methods: Post hoc secondary analysis of prospectively collected North American Airway Collaborative data on outcomes linked with adjuvant medication utilization. Primary outcome was time to recurrent operation, evaluated using Kaplan–Meier curves and Cox regression analysis. Secondary outcomes of change in peak expiratory flow (PEF) and clinical chronic obstructive pulmonary disease questionnaire (CCQ) score over 12 months were compared. Results: Sixty-one of 129 patients undergoing ED received PPI (47%), and 10/143 patients undergoing ED received ICS (7%). TMP-SMX was used by 87/115 patients (76%) undergoing EMRT. PPI use in the ED group did not affect time to recurrence (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.00, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.53–1.88; P =.99) or 12-month change in PEF (L/min) (median [interquartile range], 12.0 [10.7–12.2] vs. 8.7 [−5.1 to 24.9]; P =.59), but was associated with 12-month change in CCQ (−0.05 [−0.97 to 0.75] vs. −0.50 [−1.60 to 0.20]; P =.04). ICS did not affect outcome measures. TMP-SMX use in ERMT did not affect time to recurrence (HR = 0.842, 95% CI: 0.2345–3.023; P =.79), PEF at 12 months (75 [68–89] vs. 81 [68–89]; P =.92), or 12-month change in CCQ (0.20 [−1.05 to 0.47] vs. −0.30 [−1.00 to 0.10]; P =.45). Conclusion: There is no standard practice for prescribing adjuvant medications. These data do not support that adjuvant medications prolong time to recurrence or increase PEF. Patients with iSGS and gastroesophageal reflux disease may experience some symptom benefit with PPI. Level of Evidence: 3 Laryngoscope, 131:E2880–E2886, 2021.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E2880-E2886
JournalLaryngoscope
Volume131
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • adjuvant medical treatment
  • endoscopic dilation
  • endoscopic resection with medical therapy
  • Idiopathic subglottic stenosis
  • inhaled corticosteroid
  • proton pump inhibitor
  • trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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