Immunosuppressive effects of radiation on human dendritic cells: Reduced IL-12 production on activation and impairment of naïve T-cell priming

A. Merrick, F. Errington, K. Milward, D. O'Donnell, K. Harrington, A. Bateman, H. Pandha, R. Vile, E. Morrison, P. Selby, A. Melcher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Scopus citations

Abstract

Dendritic cells (DC) are professional antigen-presenting cells (APC) of the immune system, uniquely able to prime naïve T-cell responses. They are the focus of a range of novel strategies for the immunotherapy of cancer, a proportion of which include treating DC with ionising radiation to high dose. The effects of radiation on DC have not, however, been fully characterised. We therefore cultured human myeloid DC from CD14+ precursors, and studied the effects of ionising radiation on their phenotype and function. Dendritic cells were remarkably resistant against radiation-induced apoptosis, showed limited changes in surface phenotype, and mostly maintained their endocytic, phagocytic and migratory capacity. However, irradiated DC were less effective in a mixed lymphocyte reaction, and on maturation produced significantly less IL-12 than unirradiated controls, while IL-10 secretion was maintained. Furthermore, peptide-pulsed irradiated mature DC were less effective at naïve T-cell priming, stimulating fewer effector cells with lower cytotoxicity against antigen-specific targets. Hence irradiation of DC in vitro, and potentially in vivo, has a significant impact on their function, and may shift the balance between T-cell activation and tolerisation in DC-mediated immune responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1450-1458
Number of pages9
JournalBritish journal of cancer
Volume92
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 25 2005

Keywords

  • Cytokines
  • Cytotoxic T cells
  • Immunotherapy
  • Interleukin-12

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Merrick, A., Errington, F., Milward, K., O'Donnell, D., Harrington, K., Bateman, A., Pandha, H., Vile, R., Morrison, E., Selby, P., & Melcher, A. (2005). Immunosuppressive effects of radiation on human dendritic cells: Reduced IL-12 production on activation and impairment of naïve T-cell priming. British journal of cancer, 92(8), 1450-1458. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.bjc.6602518