We describe an integrated approach for detection of diagnostic markers using in situ assembled optical diffraction gratings in combination with immunomagnetic capture. Folate receptor (FR), a serum protein indicative of various cancers, was chosen as a model system to demonstrate the potential of the method. Magnetic beads coupled to FR antibody were used to capture FR from serum. The FR-bound magnetic beads self-assembled onto microcontact-printed folate-coupled BSA (F-BSA) patterns to form diffraction gratings which served to detect FR by measuring the diffraction intensities caused by laser illumination. The FR-containing beads, upon binding to the F-BSA surface, served as intrinsic signal enhancement agents, circumventing the need for additional enzymatic signal amplification or fluorescent labeling steps. With this approach, a detection sensitivity of 700 fM (20 pg/mL) was achieved. The potential use of this approach in clinical diagnostics was demonstrated by measuring FR concentration in blood samples obtained from cancer patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry