Immune responses in muscle

R. Hohlfeld, Andrew G Engel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Intramuscular immune responses occur in muscle infections, intramuscular vaccination, graft-versus-host disease, myoblast transfer therapy and autoimmune muscle diseases. Immunocytochemical studies have defined characteristic inflammatory lesions that help to distinguish between different forms of inflammatory myopathy. In some cases of inflammatory myopathy, CD8+ T cell lines derived from muscle show a low but significant cytotoxic effect against autologous myotubes, indicating that T cells can react to muscular autoantigen(s). Further, human myotubes can be killed by allospecific cytotoxic T cells and by natural killer cells. This is relevant to myoblast transfer therapy. Cytokines can induce a variety of immunologically relevant surface molecules on human myoblasts and myotubes in culture. After treatment with γ-interferon, myoblasts can function as antigen-presenting cells and stimulate antigen-specific CD4+ autologous T cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)249-255
Number of pages7
JournalSeminars in Neuroscience
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992

Fingerprint

Myoblasts
Skeletal Muscle Fibers
T-Lymphocytes
Muscles
Myositis
CD4 Antigens
Graft vs Host Disease
Antigen-Presenting Cells
Natural Killer Cells
Interferons
Autoimmune Diseases
Vaccination
Therapeutics
Cytokines
Cell Line
Infection

Keywords

  • adhesion molecules
  • autoimmune T cells
  • cytokines
  • major histocompatibility complex
  • myoblast transfer
  • myositis
  • γ-δ T cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Immune responses in muscle. / Hohlfeld, R.; Engel, Andrew G.

In: Seminars in Neuroscience, Vol. 4, No. 4, 1992, p. 249-255.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hohlfeld, R. ; Engel, Andrew G. / Immune responses in muscle. In: Seminars in Neuroscience. 1992 ; Vol. 4, No. 4. pp. 249-255.
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