Immune response of HLA-DQ transgenic mice to house dust mite allergen p2: Identification of HLA-DQ restricted minimal epitopes and critical residues

Christopher J. Krco, Jerry Harders, Svetlana Chapoval, Chella S. David

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

HLA-DQ8 (HLA-DQA1*0301; HLA-DQB1*0302) and HLA-DQ6 (HLA-DQA1*0103; HLA-DQB1*0602) genes were introduced into mouse class II (H-2A(β/°)), knockout mice. Transgenic HLA-DQ8 and HLA-DQ6 mice were individually immunized and challenged using synthetic peptides representing HDM (Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus) allergen p2. HLA-DQ8 mice responded to p2 peptides 1-20, 41-60, 51-70, 61-80, 91-110, and 101-120. HLA-DQ6 mice responded to peptides 1-20, 11-30, 21-40, 41-60, and 51-70. Using single amino acid truncated 30-mer peptides, residues necessary for HLA-DQ8 recognition were identified spanning regions 3-12, 50-70, and 91-120. A synthetic peptide comprising residues 3-12 was synthesized and a series of single alanine substitutions was introduced into the minimal peptide. Introduction of alanine residues at positions 3, 11, and 12 resulted in a significant loss of immune recognition. It was concluded that residues 4, 5, 7, 11, and 12 are critical for immune recognition by HLA-DQ8 mice. (C) 2000 Academic Press.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)154-161
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Immunology
Volume97
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

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Keywords

  • Allergy
  • Epitopes
  • HLA-DQ
  • House dust mite
  • Peptides
  • T lymphocyte
  • Transgenic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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