Immune-based therapies for cytomegalovirus infection

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Immune fitness is critical in the pathogenesis and outcome of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. CMV disease is seen almost exclusively among individuals with an immature or defective immune system, such as patients with AIDS, transplant recipients and the developing fetus. These observations have generated interest in immune-based strategies for the management of CMV disease. Among the immune-based therapies that have been investigated in experimental and clinical settings are: passive immunotherapy with immunoglobulin; CMV vaccination; adoptive CMV-specific T-cell immunotherapy; and immune reconstitution strategies (HAART in AIDS patients, and a reduction in pharmacologic immunosuppression among transplant recipients). However, except for immune reconstitution strategies, there is no widely accepted immune-based strategy that is proven to be highly effective for CMV disease management. The benefits of immunoglobulins remain debated in an era when antiviral therapy is widely available. CMV vaccination and adoptive immunotherapy, on the other hand, remain experimental, but have had encouraging preliminary results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)117-130
Number of pages14
JournalImmunotherapy
Volume2
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

Keywords

  • Adoptive therapy
  • Cytomegalovirus
  • Immune reconstitution
  • Immunoglobulin
  • Vaccine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Oncology

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