Imaging of Hepatic Fibrosis

Rishi Philip Mathew, Sudhakar K Venkatesh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose of Review: The purpose of this review is to discuss the current imaging techniques for non-invasive assessment of liver fibrosis (LF). Recent Findings: Elastography-based techniques are the most widely used imaging methods for the evaluation of LF. Currently, MR elastography (MRE) is the most accurate non-invasive method for detection and staging of LF. Ultrasound-based vibration-controlled transient elastography (VCTE) is the most widely used as it can be easily performed at the point of care but has technical limitations especially in the obese. Innovations and technical improvements continue to evolve in elastography for improving accuracy and avoiding misinterpretation from confounding factors. Other imaging methods including diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), hepatocellular contrast-enhanced (HCE) MRI, T1 relaxometry, T1ρ imaging, textural analysis, liver surface nodularity, susceptibility-weighted imaging, and perfusion imaging are promising but need further evaluation and clinical validation. Summary: MRE is the most accurate imaging technique for assessment of LF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number45
JournalCurrent Gastroenterology Reports
Volume20
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018

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Keywords

  • Functional imaging
  • Liver fibrosis
  • Magnetic resonance elastography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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