Imaging Informatics

25 Years of Progress

J. P. Agrawal, Bradley J Erickson, C. E. Kahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The science and applications of informatics in medical imaging have advanced dramatically in the past 25 years. This article provides a selective overview of key developments in medical imaging informatics. Advances in standards and technologies for compression and transmission of digital images have enabled Picture Archiving and Communications Systems (PACS) and teleradiology. Research in speech recognition, structured reporting, ontologies, and natural language processing has improved the ability to generate and analyze the reports of imaging procedures. Informatics has provided tools to address workflow and ergonomic issues engendered by the growing volume of medical image information. Research in computeraided detection and diagnosis of abnormalities in medical images has opened new avenues to improve patient care. The growing number of medical-imaging examinations and their large volumes of information create a natural platform for "big data" analytics, particularly when joined with high-dimensional genomic data. Radiogenomics investigates relationships between a disease's genetic and gene-expression characteristics and its imaging phenotype; this emerging field promises to help us better understand disease biology, prognosis, and treatment options. The next 25 years offer remarkable opportunities for informatics and medical imaging together to lead to further advances in both disciplines and to improve health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S23-S31
JournalYearbook of medical informatics
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 30 2016

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Informatics
Diagnostic Imaging
Teleradiology
Natural Language Processing
Radiology Information Systems
Medical Informatics
Inborn Genetic Diseases
Aptitude
Human Engineering
Workflow
Research
Patient Care
Technology
Phenotype
Gene Expression
Health
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • clinical
  • computerassisted
  • decision support systems
  • Diagnostic imaging
  • image interpretation
  • medical informatics
  • radiology information systems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Imaging Informatics : 25 Years of Progress. / Agrawal, J. P.; Erickson, Bradley J; Kahn, C. E.

In: Yearbook of medical informatics, 30.06.2016, p. S23-S31.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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