Illness associated with paramyxo-like virus infection in a zoologic collection of snakes.

E. Jacobson, J. M. Gaskin, C Douglas Page, W. O. Iverson, J. W. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Of 438 snakes in a zoologic collection, 35 died during a 3-month period; all were members of the family Viperidae. Clinical signs consisted of gaping of the mouth followed within 1 day by convulsions. All necropsied animals had a mucoid exudate throughout the respiratory tract. Histologic evaluation of lung revealed evidence of interstitial pneumonia, with occasional eosinophilic intracytoplasmic inclusions in epithelial cells. A paramyxo-like virus, isolated in viper heart cells from lung tissue, was observed by electron microscopy to be budding from cell membranes. The virus hemagglutinated chicken red blood cells at 5 C, and antibody titers were assayed by hemagglutination inhibition. In a random survey of 22 snakes from the zoologic collection, antibody titers to the virus ranged from 1/20 to 1/2,560.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1227-1230
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume179
Issue number11
StatePublished - Dec 1 1981
Externally publishedYes

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Snakes
Virus Diseases
snakes
Viperidae
Viruses
Lung
viruses
Antibodies
Interstitial Lung Diseases
Hemagglutination
Exudates and Transudates
Viral Load
lungs
infection
Respiratory System
Mouth
Chickens
Electron Microscopy
Seizures
antibodies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Illness associated with paramyxo-like virus infection in a zoologic collection of snakes. / Jacobson, E.; Gaskin, J. M.; Page, C Douglas; Iverson, W. O.; Johnson, J. W.

In: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, Vol. 179, No. 11, 01.12.1981, p. 1227-1230.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jacobson, E. ; Gaskin, J. M. ; Page, C Douglas ; Iverson, W. O. ; Johnson, J. W. / Illness associated with paramyxo-like virus infection in a zoologic collection of snakes. In: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 1981 ; Vol. 179, No. 11. pp. 1227-1230.
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