IgM/IgG solid-phase antibody-capture assay with biotin/125I-streptavidin amplification: application to normal human sural nerve biopsies

Joseph F. Poduslo, Geoffry L. Curran, Kurt R. Brunden, Peter J. Dyck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

A highly sensitive and specific solid-phase antibody-capture assay was developed to measure IgM and IgG in endoneurial preparations of human sural nerve biopsies. Assay amplification was obtained by utilizing biotin-labeled anti-IgM or anti-IgG antibody and 125I-streptavidin, resulting in multiple streptavidin molecules binding per biotinylated antibody molecule. A minimal detectable dose of 0.16 ± 0.08 ng (mean ± SD; n = 7) for IgM and 0.03 ± 0.02 ng (mean ± SD; n = 5) for IgG was obtained in a 100 μl sample. When this assay was applied to normal fascicular biopsies from human sural nerve, the percent of IgM and IgG, respectively, of the total endoneurial protein was 0.026 ± 0.015% (n = 9) and 0.27 ± 0.15% (n = 10; mean ± SD). When these endoneurial concentrations of IgM and IgG were related to the plasma concentrations (mg IgM or IgG/mg total plasma protein), an IgM-blood-nerve barrier (BNB) index of 4.09 ± 1.95 and an IgG-BNB index of 2.07 ± 1.10 were obtained (× 102; mean ± SD). These values were also related to the albumin (Alb) concentration in the biopsies as a percent of total endoneurial protein (2.48 ± 1.07%; mean ± SD) and with the Alb-BNB index (5.40 ± 2.53; × 102; mean ± SD; n = 10). Although these normal values will be expected to change with age, sex, nerve, and proximal-distal distance from nerve root, they should provide a basis for the comparison of BNB indices from patients with peripheral neuropathy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)117-124
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of neuroimmunology
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1988

Keywords

  • Antibody-capture RIA
  • Human sural nerve biopsy
  • I-streptavidin-biotin
  • IgG
  • IgM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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