Identification of temporal patterns of gene expression in the uteri of immature, ovariectomized mice following exposure to ethynylestradiol

K. C. Fertuck, J. E. Eckel, C. Gennings, T. R. Zacharewski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Scopus citations


Estrogen induction of uterine wet weight provides an excellent model to investigate relationships between changes in global gene expression and well-characterized physiological responses. In this study, time course microarray GeneChip data were analyzed using a novel approach to identify temporal changes in uterine gene expression following treatment of immature ovariectomized C57BL/6 mice with 0.1 mg/kg 17α-ethynylestradiol. Functional gene annotation information from public databases facilitated the association of changes in gene expression with physiological outcomes, which allowed detailed mechanistic inferences to be drawn regarding cell cycle control and proliferation, transcription and translation, structural tissue remodeling, and immunologic responses. These systematic approaches confirm previously established responses, identify novel estrogen-regulated transcriptional effects, and disclose the coordinated activation of multiple modes of action that support the uterotrophic response elicited by estrogen. In particular, it was possible to elucidate the physiological significance of the dramatic induction of arginase, a classic estrogenic response, by elucidating its mechanistic relevance and delineating the role of arginine and ornithine utilization in the estrogen-stimulated induction of uterine wet weight.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127-141
Number of pages15
JournalPhysiological Genomics
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004



  • GeneChip
  • Microarray
  • Temporal expression
  • Uterus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics

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