Identification of PIKfyve kinase as a target in multiple myeloma

Cecilia Bonolo De Campos, Yuan Xiao Zhu, Nikolai Sepetov, Sergei Romanov, Laura Ann Bruins, Chang Xin Shi, Caleb K. Stein, Joachim L. Petit, Alysia N. Polito, Meaghen E. Sharik, Erin W. Meermeier, Gregory J. Ahmann, Ilsel D.Lopez Armenta, Jonas Kruse, P. Leif Bergsagel, Marta Chesi, Nathalie Meurice, Esteban Braggio, A. Keith Stewart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The cellular cytotoxicity of APY0201, a PIKfyve inhibitor, against multiple myeloma was initially identified in an unbiased in vitro chemical library screen. The activity of APY0201 was confirmed in all 25 cell lines tested and in 40% of 100 ex vivo patient-derived primary samples, with increased activity in primary samples harboring trisomies and lacking t(11;14). The broad anti-multiple myeloma activity of PIKfyve inhibitors was further demonstrated in confirmatory screens and showed the superior potency of APY0201 when compared to the PIKfyve inhibitors YM201636 and apilimod, with a mid-point half maximal effective concentration (EC50) at nanomolar concentrations in, respectively, 65%, 40%, and 5% of the tested cell lines. Upregulation of genes in the lysosomal pathway and increased cellular vacuolization were observed in vitro following APY0201 treatment, although these cellular effects did not correlate well with responsiveness. We confirm that PIKfyve inhibition is associated with activation of the transcription factor EB, a master regulator of lysosomal biogenesis and autophagy. Furthermore, we established an assay measuring autophagy as a predictive marker of APY0201 sensitivity. Overall, these findings indicate promising activity of PIKfyve inhibitors secondary to disruption of autophagy in multiple myeloma and suggest a strategy to enrich for likely responders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1641-1649
Number of pages9
JournalHaematologica
Volume105
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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    De Campos, C. B., Zhu, Y. X., Sepetov, N., Romanov, S., Bruins, L. A., Shi, C. X., Stein, C. K., Petit, J. L., Polito, A. N., Sharik, M. E., Meermeier, E. W., Ahmann, G. J., Armenta, I. D. L., Kruse, J., Bergsagel, P. L., Chesi, M., Meurice, N., Braggio, E., & Stewart, A. K. (2020). Identification of PIKfyve kinase as a target in multiple myeloma. Haematologica, 105(6), 1641-1649. https://doi.org/10.3324/haematol.2019.222729