Identification of epitopes and affinity purification of thyroid stimulating auto-antibodies using synthetic human tsh receptor peptides

John C. Morris, Janice L. Gibson, Eric J. Haas, Elizabeth R. Bergert, John S. Dallas, Bellur S. Prabhakar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

We prepared a series of overlapping peptides (29 in total, 20 amino acids each) containing the sequence of the entire extracellular domain of the human TSH receptor. Three peptides (181-200, 376-394, and EC3 (629-639)) bound IgG from patients with Graves' disease in an enzyme linked immunoassay. Peptide 181-200 bound IgG from 9 of 10, EC3 from 8 of 10, and 376-394 from 6 of 10 patients respectively, compared to 0 of 9 controls. We affinity purified TSHr auto-antibodies from four Graves' patients using the three above noted peptides bound to epoxy-activated sepharose. Thyroid stimulating activity was enriched in the bound fraction from at least two of the three peptide affinity columns in each of the four patients, although the pattern of affinity enrichment differed between patients. One patient was found to possess a combination of stimulatory and inhibitory TSHr antibodies and, after affinity purification, the anti-3 76-394 and anti-EC3 fractions were enriched in stimulatory activity, suggesting that those regions of the receptor were epitopes for stimulatory antibodies. However, affinity purification against peptide 181-200 produced an IgG preparation that was not stimulatory, but was a potent thyroid inhibitor. Thus, we have not only partially purified TSHr auto-antibodies, but also successfully separated stimulatory and inhibitory antibodies from a single patient using combination TSHr peptide affinity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-299
Number of pages13
JournalAutoimmunity
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

Keywords

  • Autoimmunity
  • Graves' Disease
  • Thyrotropin receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Identification of epitopes and affinity purification of thyroid stimulating auto-antibodies using synthetic human tsh receptor peptides'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this