Identification and partial characterization by chemical cross-linking of a binding protein for tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) on rat hepatoma cells

A plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1-independent t-PA receptor

Guojun D Bu, P. A. Morton, A. L. Schwartz

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Abstract

Plasma tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) is cleared rapidly in vivo by the liver. Previous studies with the human hepatoma cell line HepG2 have identified a clearance system for t-PA modulated by plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1). In the present study, a rat hepatoma cell line MH1C1 is shown to contain a PAI-1-independent t-PA clearance system. At 4 °C, binding of 125I-t-PA to MH1C1 cells was rapid, specific, and saturable. Scatchard analysis of the binding data yielded a mean estimate of 105,000 high affinity binding sites per cell (K(d) = 4.1 nM). When the bound ligand was analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, the majority (about 90%) of the specific binding was in the form of uncomplexed 125I-t-PA. This is in contrast to HepG2 cells in which specific binding was mainly in the form of a sodium dodecyl sulfate-stable 125I-t-PA·PAI-1 complex. When availability of matrix-associated PAI-1 was blocked by preincubation with anti-PAI-1 antibody or removed by elastase treatment, specific 125I-t-PA binding to MH1C1 cells was unaffected, whereas most of the specific 125I-t-PA binding to HepG2 cells was abolished. Furthermore, when the active site of t-PA was inactivated with diisopropyl fluorophosphate, the diisopropyl fluorophosphate-t-PA specifically competed for binding of 125I-t-PA to MH1C1 cells, but failed to block specific 125I-t-PA binding to HepG2 cells. At 37 °C, PAI- 1-independent t-PA binding to MH1C1 cells was followed by ligand uptake and degradation with kinetics similar to that seen in HepG2 cells. Chemical cross-linking of t-PA to MH1C1 cells revealed a specific t-PA binding protein with a molecular mass of about 500,000 daltons. Ligand-receptor complexes generated by chemical cross-linking were immunoprecipitable by anti-t-PA antibody but not by anti-PAI-1 antibody, further supporting the finding that binding of t-PA to MH1C1 cells is PAI-1-independent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15595-15602
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume267
Issue number22
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

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Plasminogen Activators
Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1
Tissue Plasminogen Activator
Rats
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Carrier Proteins
Hep G2 Cells
fluorophosphate
Ligands
Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate
Antibodies
Cells
Cell Line
Pancreatic Elastase
Molecular mass
Electrophoresis
Liver
Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

@article{ae48c4e4ccb64e48ae698074c327cd15,
title = "Identification and partial characterization by chemical cross-linking of a binding protein for tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) on rat hepatoma cells: A plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1-independent t-PA receptor",
abstract = "Plasma tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) is cleared rapidly in vivo by the liver. Previous studies with the human hepatoma cell line HepG2 have identified a clearance system for t-PA modulated by plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1). In the present study, a rat hepatoma cell line MH1C1 is shown to contain a PAI-1-independent t-PA clearance system. At 4 °C, binding of 125I-t-PA to MH1C1 cells was rapid, specific, and saturable. Scatchard analysis of the binding data yielded a mean estimate of 105,000 high affinity binding sites per cell (K(d) = 4.1 nM). When the bound ligand was analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, the majority (about 90{\%}) of the specific binding was in the form of uncomplexed 125I-t-PA. This is in contrast to HepG2 cells in which specific binding was mainly in the form of a sodium dodecyl sulfate-stable 125I-t-PA·PAI-1 complex. When availability of matrix-associated PAI-1 was blocked by preincubation with anti-PAI-1 antibody or removed by elastase treatment, specific 125I-t-PA binding to MH1C1 cells was unaffected, whereas most of the specific 125I-t-PA binding to HepG2 cells was abolished. Furthermore, when the active site of t-PA was inactivated with diisopropyl fluorophosphate, the diisopropyl fluorophosphate-t-PA specifically competed for binding of 125I-t-PA to MH1C1 cells, but failed to block specific 125I-t-PA binding to HepG2 cells. At 37 °C, PAI- 1-independent t-PA binding to MH1C1 cells was followed by ligand uptake and degradation with kinetics similar to that seen in HepG2 cells. Chemical cross-linking of t-PA to MH1C1 cells revealed a specific t-PA binding protein with a molecular mass of about 500,000 daltons. Ligand-receptor complexes generated by chemical cross-linking were immunoprecipitable by anti-t-PA antibody but not by anti-PAI-1 antibody, further supporting the finding that binding of t-PA to MH1C1 cells is PAI-1-independent.",
author = "Bu, {Guojun D} and Morton, {P. A.} and Schwartz, {A. L.}",
year = "1992",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "267",
pages = "15595--15602",
journal = "Journal of Biological Chemistry",
issn = "0021-9258",
publisher = "American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Inc.",
number = "22",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Identification and partial characterization by chemical cross-linking of a binding protein for tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) on rat hepatoma cells

T2 - A plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1-independent t-PA receptor

AU - Bu, Guojun D

AU - Morton, P. A.

AU - Schwartz, A. L.

PY - 1992

Y1 - 1992

N2 - Plasma tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) is cleared rapidly in vivo by the liver. Previous studies with the human hepatoma cell line HepG2 have identified a clearance system for t-PA modulated by plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1). In the present study, a rat hepatoma cell line MH1C1 is shown to contain a PAI-1-independent t-PA clearance system. At 4 °C, binding of 125I-t-PA to MH1C1 cells was rapid, specific, and saturable. Scatchard analysis of the binding data yielded a mean estimate of 105,000 high affinity binding sites per cell (K(d) = 4.1 nM). When the bound ligand was analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, the majority (about 90%) of the specific binding was in the form of uncomplexed 125I-t-PA. This is in contrast to HepG2 cells in which specific binding was mainly in the form of a sodium dodecyl sulfate-stable 125I-t-PA·PAI-1 complex. When availability of matrix-associated PAI-1 was blocked by preincubation with anti-PAI-1 antibody or removed by elastase treatment, specific 125I-t-PA binding to MH1C1 cells was unaffected, whereas most of the specific 125I-t-PA binding to HepG2 cells was abolished. Furthermore, when the active site of t-PA was inactivated with diisopropyl fluorophosphate, the diisopropyl fluorophosphate-t-PA specifically competed for binding of 125I-t-PA to MH1C1 cells, but failed to block specific 125I-t-PA binding to HepG2 cells. At 37 °C, PAI- 1-independent t-PA binding to MH1C1 cells was followed by ligand uptake and degradation with kinetics similar to that seen in HepG2 cells. Chemical cross-linking of t-PA to MH1C1 cells revealed a specific t-PA binding protein with a molecular mass of about 500,000 daltons. Ligand-receptor complexes generated by chemical cross-linking were immunoprecipitable by anti-t-PA antibody but not by anti-PAI-1 antibody, further supporting the finding that binding of t-PA to MH1C1 cells is PAI-1-independent.

AB - Plasma tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) is cleared rapidly in vivo by the liver. Previous studies with the human hepatoma cell line HepG2 have identified a clearance system for t-PA modulated by plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1). In the present study, a rat hepatoma cell line MH1C1 is shown to contain a PAI-1-independent t-PA clearance system. At 4 °C, binding of 125I-t-PA to MH1C1 cells was rapid, specific, and saturable. Scatchard analysis of the binding data yielded a mean estimate of 105,000 high affinity binding sites per cell (K(d) = 4.1 nM). When the bound ligand was analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, the majority (about 90%) of the specific binding was in the form of uncomplexed 125I-t-PA. This is in contrast to HepG2 cells in which specific binding was mainly in the form of a sodium dodecyl sulfate-stable 125I-t-PA·PAI-1 complex. When availability of matrix-associated PAI-1 was blocked by preincubation with anti-PAI-1 antibody or removed by elastase treatment, specific 125I-t-PA binding to MH1C1 cells was unaffected, whereas most of the specific 125I-t-PA binding to HepG2 cells was abolished. Furthermore, when the active site of t-PA was inactivated with diisopropyl fluorophosphate, the diisopropyl fluorophosphate-t-PA specifically competed for binding of 125I-t-PA to MH1C1 cells, but failed to block specific 125I-t-PA binding to HepG2 cells. At 37 °C, PAI- 1-independent t-PA binding to MH1C1 cells was followed by ligand uptake and degradation with kinetics similar to that seen in HepG2 cells. Chemical cross-linking of t-PA to MH1C1 cells revealed a specific t-PA binding protein with a molecular mass of about 500,000 daltons. Ligand-receptor complexes generated by chemical cross-linking were immunoprecipitable by anti-t-PA antibody but not by anti-PAI-1 antibody, further supporting the finding that binding of t-PA to MH1C1 cells is PAI-1-independent.

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