Hypoxia-induced apoptosis of dorsal root ganglion neurons is associated with DNA damage recognition and cell cycle disruption in rats

Hiroyuki Honma, Lou Ann Gross, Anthony J. Windebank

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

The metabolic effects of hyperglycemia and hypoxia are important in the pathogenesis of diabetic neuropathy. We demonstrated apoptosis in dorsal root ganglion neurons in vitro by employing an oxygen-glucose deprivation model that uses dorsal root ganglia incubated in room air (pO2=150 torr) followed by hypoxic conditions (pO2=7.6 torr). Apoptosis was confirmed by demonstrating caspase-3 activation by immunocytochemistry. Immunocytochemistry and western blot analysis demonstrated an increase in activated p53, suggesting that DNA damage was occurring. Cell cycle disruption was examined by cyclin D1 expression. Neuronal death was associated with up-regulation of markers associated with DNA damage and aberrant entry into G1 of the cell cycle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-98
Number of pages4
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Volume354
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 9 2004

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Cyclin D1
  • Diabetic neuropathy
  • Dorsal root ganglion neurons
  • Hypoxia
  • Nerve growth factor
  • p53

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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