Hypovitaminosis D in psychogeriatric inpatients

Maria I. Lapid, M. T. Drake, J. R. Geske, C. B. Mundis, T. L. Hegard, S. Kung, M. A. Frye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: This study investigated the rate of hypovitaminosis D in psychogeriatric inpatients and explored whether any associations exist between vitamin D levels, cognitive function, and psychiatric diagnoses. Design: Retrospective medical record review from November 2000 through November 2010. Setting: Geriatric psychiatric ward of an academic tertiary care hospital. Participants: Psychiatric inpatients aged 65 years or older. Measurements and analysis methods: Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels were measured at admission. Associations between 25(OH)D levels, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scores were analyzed using Spearman correlations, and psychiatric diagnoses were analyzed using logistic regression models and Fisher's exact tests. Results: In 141 subjects (mean age, 77. In 141 subjects (mean age, 77.8 years; 86 [61%] female; 135 [96%] white), the most frequent diagnoses were major depressive disorder in 81 patients (57%), dementia in 38 (27%), delirium in 13 (9%), anxiety in 12 (8.5%), and bipolar disorder in 11 (8%). Mean MMSE score was 24±6.4 (range, 3-30). Forty-three subjects (30.4%) had mild to moderate vitamin D deficiency [25(OH)D, 10-24 ng/mL], and 6 (4.2%) had severe deficiency [25(OH)D <10 ng/mL]. Conclusions: Hypovitaminosis D was common in elderly psychiatric inpatients. No associations were found between vitamin D levels and global cognitive function or psychiatric diagnoses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)231-234
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Nutrition, Health and Aging
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2013

Keywords

  • Cognition
  • dementia
  • depression
  • geriatric
  • psychiatric hospital

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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