AIM: To investigate the effect of hypothermia on the function of the liver remnant (LR) after extended hepatectomy. METHODS: We performed a 75% partial hepatectomy (PH) in male C57BL/6J mice. Body temperature was measured with a rectal probe. The study mice were prospectively grouped as hypothermic (HT) or normothermic (NT) if their body temperature was < 34 ° C vs ≥ 34 ° C , respectively. Blood and liver samples were obtained at 24 and 48 h after 75% PH. Various factors during and after 75% PH were compared at each time point and the most important factor for a good outcome after 75% PH was determined. RESULTS: At 24 and 48 h after 75% PH, LR weight was decreased in HT mice compared with that in NT mice and the assay results in the HT mice were consistent with liver failure. NT mice had normal liver regeneration. Each intra- and post-operative factor which showed statistical significance in univariate analysis was evaluated by multivariate analysis. The most important factor for a good outcome after 75% PH was body temperature at both 24 and 48 h after surgery. CONCLUSION: Hypothermia after an extensive hepatectomy predicts impending liver failure and may be a useful clinical marker for early detection of liver failure after extended hepatectomy.
- Liver failure
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