Hypertrophic gastropathy resembling menetrier's disease in transgenic mice overexpressing transforming growth factor α in the stomach

Hitoshi Takagi, Chamelli Jhappan, Richard Sharp, Glenn Merlino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

116 Scopus citations

Abstract

Transforming growth factor α (TGFα) is thought to participate in the normal and pathologic processes of numerous tissues, including the gastric mucosa. To explore its role in vivo, transgenic mice were generated overexpressing TGFα in the stomach. TGFα induced dramatic structural and functional lesions of the glandular stomach that were similar to Menetrier's disease in humans. Transgenic mice developed severe adenomatous hyperplasia that resulted in a striking nodular thickening or hypertrophy of the gastric mucosa. Secretions obtained from affected stomachs contained no detectable gastric acid, suggesting that parietal cell function had been greatly impaired. These findings demonstrate that overproduction of TGFα can stimulate cellular proliferation, suppress acid secretion, and perturb organogenesis of the stomach of transgenic mice. Moreover, TGFα may contribute to the pathogenesis of related human hypertrophic gastropathies, such as Menetrier's disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1161-1167
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume90
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992

Keywords

  • Menetrier's disease
  • Parietal cells
  • Stomach
  • Transforming growth factor α
  • Transgenic mice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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