Hyperglycemia during the immediate period following liver transplantation

K. Tuesday Werner, Patricia A. Mackey, Janna C. Castro, Elizabeth J Carey, Harini A. Chakkera, Curtiss B Cook

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations


Aim: High blood glucose levels in the hospital are common among transplant recipients. Methods: Retrospective analysis, stratified by diagnosis of pretransplant diabetes mellitus (DM). Results: Of 346 patients, 96 had pretransplant DM (insulin, n = 60; no insulin, n = 36) and 250 did not. Patients with pretransplant DM had higher inpatient mean glucose levels and more hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia (all p < 0.01). For patients without pretransplant DM, the need for insulin at discharge increased 23% for every 5-year age increase (odds ratio: 1.23; 95% CI: 1.06-1.44; p = 0.007) and 51% for every five units of glucose measurements >180 mg/dl (OR: 1.51; 95% CI: 1.23-1.95; p < 0.01). Conclusion: Inpatient hyperglycemia was common in liver transplant recipients. Hospital practitioners must anticipate the need to teach self-management skills to liver transplant recipients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberFSO97
JournalFuture Science OA
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016


  • diabetes mellitus
  • hospital
  • hyperglycemia
  • inpatient
  • liver transplant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology

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    Werner, K. T., Mackey, P. A., Castro, J. C., Carey, E. J., Chakkera, H. A., & Cook, C. B. (2016). Hyperglycemia during the immediate period following liver transplantation. Future Science OA, 2(1), [FSO97]. https://doi.org/10.4155/fsoa-2015-0010