Hyperglycemia during the immediate period after kidney transplantation

Harini A. Chakkera, E. Jennifer Weil, Janna Castro, Raymond L. Heilman, Kunam S. Reddy, Marek J. Mazur, Khaled Hamawi, David C. Mulligan, Adyr A. Moss, Kristin L. Mekeel, Fernando G. Cosio, Curtiss B. Cook

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and objectives: Hyperglycemia and new-onset diabetes occurs frequently after kidney transplantation. The stress of surgery and exposure to immunosuppression medications have metabolic effects and can cause or worsen preexisting hyperglycemia. To our knowledge, hyperglycemia in the immediate posttransplantation period has not been studied. Design, setting, participants, & measurements: We conducted a retrospective, observational study to characterize the prevalence and assess the pharmacologic management of hyperglycemia in kidney transplant recipients who underwent transplantation at our center between June 1999 and December 2006. Data were abstracted from electronic and pharmacy databases. Results: The study cohort included 424 patients (mean age 51 yr; 58% men; 25% with pretransplantation diabetes). All patients with and 87% without pretransplantation diabetes had evidence of hyperglycemia (bedside glucose ≥200 mg/dl or physician-instituted insulin therapy), whereas the prevalence of hypoglycemia was low (4.5%). Hyperglycemia was sustained throughout hospitalization. All patients with and 66% without pretransplantation diabetes required insulin at hospital discharge. Patients with pretransplantation diabetes were treated primarily with short-acting insulin during the first 24 h after transplantation but were transitioned to long-acting insulin as the hospital stay progressed. Conclusions: Investigators have historically attempted to identify hyperglycemia after hospital discharge. Our data indicate that a substantial number of patients without pretransplantation diabetes develop hyperglycemia and require insulin during the hospital phase of their care immediately after kidney transplantation. Prospective studies are needed to delineate factors that contribute to development of new-onset diabetes after transplantation among patients with transient hyperglycemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)853-859
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Nephrology
  • Transplantation

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    Chakkera, H. A., Weil, E. J., Castro, J., Heilman, R. L., Reddy, K. S., Mazur, M. J., Hamawi, K., Mulligan, D. C., Moss, A. A., Mekeel, K. L., Cosio, F. G., & Cook, C. B. (2009). Hyperglycemia during the immediate period after kidney transplantation. Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, 4(4), 853-859. https://doi.org/10.2215/CJN.05471008