Hydrogen-bond formation of the residue in H-loop of the nucleotide binding domain 2 with the ATP in this site and/or other residues of multidrug resistance protein MRP1 plays a crucial role during ATP-dependent solute transport

Runying Yang, Xiu bao Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations


MRP1 couples ATP binding/hydrolysis to solute transport. We have shown that ATP binding to nucleotide-binding-domain 1 (NBD1) plays a regulatory role whereas ATP hydrolysis at NBD2 plays a crucial role in ATP-dependent solute transport. However, how ATP is hydrolyzed at NBD2 is not well elucidated. To partially address this question, we have mutated the histidine residue in H-loop of MRP1 to either a residue that prevents the formation of hydrogen-bonds with ATP and other residues in MRP1 or a residue that may potentially form these hydrogen-bonds. Interestingly, substitution of H827 in NBD1 with residues that prevented formation of these hydrogen-bonds had no effect on the ATP-dependent solute transport whereas corresponding mutations in NBD2 almost abolished the ATP-dependent solute transport completely. In contrast, substitutions of H1486 in H-loop of NBD2 with residues that might potentially form these hydrogen-bonds exerted either full function or partial function, implying that hydrogen-bond formation between the residue at 1486 and the γ-phosphate of the bound ATP and/or other residues, such as putative catalytic base E1455, together with S769, G771, T1329 and K1333, etc., holds all the components necessary for ATP binding/hydrolysis firmly so that the activated water molecule can efficiently hydrolyze the bound ATP at NBD2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)324-335
Number of pages12
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2007



  • ATP binding/hydrolysis
  • ATP-dependent solute transport
  • Hydrogen-bond
  • MRP1
  • Nucleotide binding domain (NBD)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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