Humanlike immune response of human leukocyte antigen-DR3 transgenic mice to staphylococcal enterotoxins: A novel model for superantigen vaccines

Luis DaSilva, Brent C. Welcher, Robert G. Ulrich, M. Javad Aman, Chella S. David, Sina Bavari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined the biologic responses of transgenic mice expressing human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DR3 and human CD4 molecules, in the absence of murine major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II molecules (Ab0), to staphylococcal enterotoxins (SEs) and evaluated protective immunity of a nonsuperantigen form of SEB against wild-type holotoxin. HLA-DR3 transgenic mice responded to several log lower concentrations of SEs and secreted higher levels of proinflammatory cytokines than did wild-type mice. Vaccination of transgenic mice with a nonsuperantigenic form of SEB induced high levels of neutralizing anti-SEB antibodies, which protected the mice from a surge in proinflammatory cytokine secretion after SEB challenge. The humanlike responses of the transgenic mice to SEs support the hypothesis that these mice represent an appropriate model to examine vaccines and therapeutics against SEs. This is thought to be the first report of examination of a vaccine against SEB in the context of human MHC class II receptors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1754-1760
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume185
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Humanlike immune response of human leukocyte antigen-DR3 transgenic mice to staphylococcal enterotoxins: A novel model for superantigen vaccines'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this