Human outgrowth knee fibroblasts from patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty exhibit a unique gene expression profile and undergo myofibroblastogenesis upon TGFβ1 stimulation

Banu Bayram, Roman Thaler, Jacob W. Bettencourt, Afton K. Limberg, Kevin P. Sheehan, Aaron R. Owen, Daniel J. Berry, Mark E. Morrey, Joaquin Sanchez-Sotelo, Andre J van Wijnen, Amel Dudakovic, Matthew P. Abdel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Arthrofibrosis is characterized by excessive extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition that results in restricted joint motion after total knee arthroplasties (TKAs). Currently, treatment options are limited. Therefore, an in vitro model of knee-related myofibroblastogenesis is valuable to facilitate investigation of the arthrofibrotic process, diagnostic and therapeutic options. In this study, we obtained intraoperative posterior capsule (PC), quadriceps tendon (QT), and suprapatellar pouch (SP) tissues from the knees of four patients undergoing primary TKAs for osteoarthritis. From these tissues, we isolated primary cells by the outgrowth method and subsequently characterized these cells in the absence and presence of the pro-myofibroblastic cytokine, transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFβ1). Light microscopy of knee outgrowth cells revealed spindle-shaped cells, and immunofluorescence (IF) analysis demonstrated staining for the fibroblast-specific markers TE-7 and vimentin (VIM). These knee outgrowth fibroblasts differentiated readily into myofibroblasts as reflected by enhanced α-smooth muscle actin (ACTA2) mRNA and protein expression and increased mRNA expression of collagen type 1 (COL1A1) and type 3 (COL3A1) with collagenous matrix deposition in the presence of TGFβ1. Outgrowth knee fibroblasts were more sensitive to TGFβ1-mediated myofibroblastogenesis than adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSCs). While outgrowth knee fibroblasts isolated from three anatomical regions in four patients exhibited similar gene expression, these cells are distinct from other fibroblastic cell types (i.e., Dupuytren's fibroblasts) as revealed by RNA-sequencing. In conclusion, our study provides an in vitro myofibroblastic model of outgrowth knee fibroblasts derived from patients undergoing primary TKA that can be utilized to study myofibroblastogenesis and assess therapeutic strategies for arthrofibrosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of cellular biochemistry
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • arthrofibrosis
  • fibroblast
  • joint stiffness
  • myofibroblastogenesis
  • RNA sequencing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Human outgrowth knee fibroblasts from patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty exhibit a unique gene expression profile and undergo myofibroblastogenesis upon TGFβ1 stimulation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this