Human neurons derived from a teratocarcinoma cell line express solely the 695-amino acid amyloid precursor protein and produce intracellular β- amyloid or A4 peptides

A. M. Wertkin, R. S. Turner, S. J. Pleasure, T. E. Golde, S. G. Younkin, J. Q. Trojanowski, V. M.Y. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

187 Scopus citations

Abstract

The β-amyloid or β/A4 peptides that accumulate as filamentous aggregates in the extracellular space of Alzheimer disease (AD) brains are derived from one or more alternatively spliced amyloid precursor proteins (APPs). The more abundant APPs in the central nervous system are the 695- (APP695), 751- (APP751), and 770- (APP770) amino acid isoforms, and each could be the source of β/A4 peptide that accumulates in the AD brain. It is plausible that altered metabolism of these APPs by central nervous system neurons could lead to the release and deposition of β/A4 peptide in brain parenchyma. Thus, we examined the expression and processing of the three major brain APPs in nearly pure human neurons (NT2N cells) derived from a teratocarcinoma cell line (NTera2/c1.D1 or NT2 cells) after retinoic acid treatment. NT2N neurons expressed almost exclusively APP695, whereas NT2 cells expressed predominantly APP751/770. Furthermore, the processing of the APPs in NT2N cells was distinct from NT2 and nonneuronal cells. Most significantly, the NT2N neurons but not the NT2 cells constitutively generated intracellular β/A4 peptide and released it into the culture medium. This work demonstrates the intracellular production of β/A4 peptide and suggests that cultured NT2N cells may provide a unique model system for understanding the contribution of neurons and APP695 to amyloidogenesis in the AD brain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9513-9517
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume90
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993

Keywords

  • Alzheimer disease
  • NTera2 cells
  • amyloid
  • cell culture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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