Human leukocyte antigen associations with humoral and cellular immunity following a second dose of measles-containing vaccine: Persistence, dampening, and extinction of associations found after a first dose

Robert M. Jacobson, Inna G. Ovsyannikova, Robert A. Vierkant, V. Shane Pankratz, Gregory A. Poland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previously we found human leukocyte antigen (HLA) associations with humoral immunity following a single dose of measles-containing vaccine. In this study, we sought to determine if HLA associations exist with humoral and cellular immunity following a second dose of measles-containing vaccine and if the associations we found with humoral immunity after the first dose persist following a second dose.We recruited a population-based sample of 346 schoolchildren, all who previously received two doses of a measles-containing vaccine. Molecular HLA classes I and II typing as well as humoral and cellular immune assays (measles-specific IgG antibody levels and lymphoproliferative response) were performed in these subjects.We found significant associations with class I HLA-B (p= 0.05) as well as class II HLA-DPB1 (p= 0.01) and -DPA1 (p= 0.03) genes for measles vaccine-induced antibody levels after the second dose. Similarly, we found significant associations with class II HLA-DQB1 (p= 0.05) and -DRB1 (p= 0.01) genes for measles-specific lymphoproliferation after the second dose.While we found HLA associations after the second dose that we previously found after the first dose of measles containing vaccine, fewer alleles had statistically significant associations, suggesting that the second dose had a dampening or extinguishing effect on the HLA associations. It appears that the second dose overcomes HLA restriction through an as yet unknown mechanism. Future studies of HLA associations should consider both the effect of dose and the role that subsequent doses might play on genetic associations found with the response to a first dose.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7982-7991
Number of pages10
JournalVaccine
Volume29
Issue number45
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 19 2011

Keywords

  • Antibody formation
  • Histocompatibility antigens class I
  • Histocompatibility antigens class II
  • Immunogenetics
  • Lymphocyte activation
  • Measles antibody
  • Measles vaccine
  • Measles-mumps-rubella vaccine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • veterinary(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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