Human Eye Infections

J. Chodosh, Ashish Chintakuntlawar, C. M. Robinson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The eye contains a variety of cell and tissue types. Conjunctivitis due to respiratory RNA viruses represents by far the most common viral eye disorder. However, any ocular tissue can sustain infection by human viruses, including those viruses with predilection for neural sites. As elsewhere in the body, ocular pathologic changes induced by viruses tend to follow stereotypical patterns. Classical viral mechanisms of infection, including latency, reactivation, and carcinogenesis, can all be demonstrated in the eye. The eye's tissues also demonstrate a wide variety of immune responses, including those of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue and immune privilege. The ocular complications of AIDS, including viral retinitis and ocular surface squamous carcinoma, remain significant causes of morbidity throughout the world.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Virology
PublisherElsevier Ltd
Pages491-497
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)9780123744104
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Conjunctiva
  • Cornea
  • Cranial nerves
  • Epidemic keratoconjunctivitis
  • Eye
  • Lacrimal gland
  • Optic nerve
  • Retina
  • Retinal necrosis
  • Sclera
  • Squamous cell carcinoma
  • Trabecular meshwork
  • Uvea

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

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  • Cite this

    Chodosh, J., Chintakuntlawar, A., & Robinson, C. M. (2008). Human Eye Infections. In Encyclopedia of Virology (pp. 491-497). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-012374410-4.00396-4