How Well Do We Understand the Long-Term Health Implications of Childhood Bullying?

Pablo Patricio Zarate-Garza, Bridget K Biggs, Paul E Croarkin, Brooke Morath, Jarrod Leffler, Alfredo Cuellar-Barboza, Susannah J Tye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Once dismissed as an innocuous experience of childhood, bullying is now recognized as having significant psychological effects, particularly with chronic exposure. Victims of bullying are at risk for a number of psychiatric disturbances, and growing evidence suggests that the pathophysiological effects of bullying, as with other forms of trauma and chronic stress, create additional health risks. We review the literature on the known sequelae of bullying, including psychiatric and physiological health effects, with a focus on implications for the victim. In addition, since it is now well established that early and chronic exposure to stress has a significant negative impact on health outcomes, we explore the implications of this research in relation to bullying and victimization in childhood. In particular, we examine how aspects of the stress response, via epigenetic, inflammatory, and metabolic mediators, have the capacity to compromise mental and physical health, and to increase the risk of disease. Research on the relevant mechanisms associated with bullying and on potential interventions to decrease morbidity is urgently needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-95
Number of pages7
JournalHarvard Review of Psychiatry
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

Fingerprint

Bullying
Health
Psychiatry
Crime Victims
Research
Epigenomics
Mental Health
Psychology
Morbidity
Wounds and Injuries

Keywords

  • bullying
  • health
  • inflammation
  • metabolism
  • stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

How Well Do We Understand the Long-Term Health Implications of Childhood Bullying? / Zarate-Garza, Pablo Patricio; Biggs, Bridget K; Croarkin, Paul E; Morath, Brooke; Leffler, Jarrod; Cuellar-Barboza, Alfredo; Tye, Susannah J.

In: Harvard Review of Psychiatry, Vol. 25, No. 2, 01.03.2017, p. 89-95.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zarate-Garza, Pablo Patricio ; Biggs, Bridget K ; Croarkin, Paul E ; Morath, Brooke ; Leffler, Jarrod ; Cuellar-Barboza, Alfredo ; Tye, Susannah J. / How Well Do We Understand the Long-Term Health Implications of Childhood Bullying?. In: Harvard Review of Psychiatry. 2017 ; Vol. 25, No. 2. pp. 89-95.
@article{b4d43fa7447f4b4fb8ff238d48a2c73b,
title = "How Well Do We Understand the Long-Term Health Implications of Childhood Bullying?",
abstract = "Once dismissed as an innocuous experience of childhood, bullying is now recognized as having significant psychological effects, particularly with chronic exposure. Victims of bullying are at risk for a number of psychiatric disturbances, and growing evidence suggests that the pathophysiological effects of bullying, as with other forms of trauma and chronic stress, create additional health risks. We review the literature on the known sequelae of bullying, including psychiatric and physiological health effects, with a focus on implications for the victim. In addition, since it is now well established that early and chronic exposure to stress has a significant negative impact on health outcomes, we explore the implications of this research in relation to bullying and victimization in childhood. In particular, we examine how aspects of the stress response, via epigenetic, inflammatory, and metabolic mediators, have the capacity to compromise mental and physical health, and to increase the risk of disease. Research on the relevant mechanisms associated with bullying and on potential interventions to decrease morbidity is urgently needed.",
keywords = "bullying, health, inflammation, metabolism, stress",
author = "Zarate-Garza, {Pablo Patricio} and Biggs, {Bridget K} and Croarkin, {Paul E} and Brooke Morath and Jarrod Leffler and Alfredo Cuellar-Barboza and Tye, {Susannah J}",
year = "2017",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1097/HRP.0000000000000137",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "25",
pages = "89--95",
journal = "Harvard Review of Psychiatry",
issn = "1067-3229",
publisher = "Informa Healthcare",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - How Well Do We Understand the Long-Term Health Implications of Childhood Bullying?

AU - Zarate-Garza, Pablo Patricio

AU - Biggs, Bridget K

AU - Croarkin, Paul E

AU - Morath, Brooke

AU - Leffler, Jarrod

AU - Cuellar-Barboza, Alfredo

AU - Tye, Susannah J

PY - 2017/3/1

Y1 - 2017/3/1

N2 - Once dismissed as an innocuous experience of childhood, bullying is now recognized as having significant psychological effects, particularly with chronic exposure. Victims of bullying are at risk for a number of psychiatric disturbances, and growing evidence suggests that the pathophysiological effects of bullying, as with other forms of trauma and chronic stress, create additional health risks. We review the literature on the known sequelae of bullying, including psychiatric and physiological health effects, with a focus on implications for the victim. In addition, since it is now well established that early and chronic exposure to stress has a significant negative impact on health outcomes, we explore the implications of this research in relation to bullying and victimization in childhood. In particular, we examine how aspects of the stress response, via epigenetic, inflammatory, and metabolic mediators, have the capacity to compromise mental and physical health, and to increase the risk of disease. Research on the relevant mechanisms associated with bullying and on potential interventions to decrease morbidity is urgently needed.

AB - Once dismissed as an innocuous experience of childhood, bullying is now recognized as having significant psychological effects, particularly with chronic exposure. Victims of bullying are at risk for a number of psychiatric disturbances, and growing evidence suggests that the pathophysiological effects of bullying, as with other forms of trauma and chronic stress, create additional health risks. We review the literature on the known sequelae of bullying, including psychiatric and physiological health effects, with a focus on implications for the victim. In addition, since it is now well established that early and chronic exposure to stress has a significant negative impact on health outcomes, we explore the implications of this research in relation to bullying and victimization in childhood. In particular, we examine how aspects of the stress response, via epigenetic, inflammatory, and metabolic mediators, have the capacity to compromise mental and physical health, and to increase the risk of disease. Research on the relevant mechanisms associated with bullying and on potential interventions to decrease morbidity is urgently needed.

KW - bullying

KW - health

KW - inflammation

KW - metabolism

KW - stress

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85016198497&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85016198497&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/HRP.0000000000000137

DO - 10.1097/HRP.0000000000000137

M3 - Article

C2 - 28272133

AN - SCOPUS:85016198497

VL - 25

SP - 89

EP - 95

JO - Harvard Review of Psychiatry

JF - Harvard Review of Psychiatry

SN - 1067-3229

IS - 2

ER -