How epileptogenic are temporal encephaloceles?

Jamie J. Van Gompel, John W. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Encephaloceles are spontaneous or acquired abnormal herniations of the brain into congenital or acquired osseous-dural defects of the skull base or cranial vault. 1 When located in the middle fossa, they may present with medically intractable epilepsy, recurrent meningitis, CSF fistulas, middle ear fluid, or unilateral hearing loss. 1-3 Bony deficits may involve either the body or the greater wing of the sphenoid bone. Anteroinferior temporal encephaloceles, resulting from deficits of the horizontal portion of the greater sphenoidal wing laterally to the cranial base foramina of the sphenoidal bone, may be asymptomatic or lead to drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy. 1 It has long been recognized that the epilepsy associated with such encephaloceles can be surgically treated. 4,5

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1440-1441
Number of pages2
JournalNeurology
Volume85
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 27 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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