How common is attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder? Towards resolution of the controversy: Results from a population-based study

W. Barbaresi, S. Katusic, R. Colligan, A. Weaver, V. Pankratz, D. Mrazek, S. Jacobsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

67 Scopus citations

Abstract

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD) is a common behavioral disorder among children, yet there is uncertainty about many aspects of AD/HD, including its precise frequency of occurrence, presence of comorbid conditions, long-term outcomes and the impact of treatment on long-term outcome. The objectives of the studies described in this paper were to address these important questions about AD/HD. The study subjects were from a population-based birth cohort, and included all children born in Rochester, Minnesota, from 1976 to 1982, who remained in the community after the age of 5 y (n = 5718). Complete medical and school records were available for all members of the birth cohort, including detailed information about AD/HD symptoms, psychometric test and questionnaire results, medical and non-medical treatments, and long-term academic and psychosocial outcomes. This information was used to identify 375 subjects from the birth cohort with AD/HD, based on well-defined research criteria. The estimated cumulative incidence of AD/HD at the age of 19 y was 7.5% (95% confidence interval 6.5-8.4). Data from these 375 subjects with AD/HD will be used in ongoing studies of this disorder.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)55-59
Number of pages5
JournalActa Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics, Supplement
Volume93
Issue number445
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2004

Keywords

  • Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
  • Comorbidity
  • Incidence
  • Long-term outcome
  • Medical treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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