Background: Patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) have repeat hospitalizations for multiple conditions. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) on hospitalizations in severe AS. Methods: Using data from the Society of Thoracic Surgeons/American College of Cardiology TVT (Transcatheter Valve Therapy) registry with linkage to Medicare claims, the authors examined rates of all-cause, cardiovascular, and noncardiovascular hospitalizations and hospital days, as well as inpatient costs in the year pre-TAVR and post-TAVR. Multivariable modeling was used to determine rate ratios of post-TAVR versus pre-TAVR hospitalizations and costs. Results: Among 15,324 patients at 328 sites with Medicare linkage undergoing TAVR, the median age was 84 years, the median Society of Thoracic Surgeons Predicted Risk of Mortality score was 7.0, and 61.1% patients underwent TAVR via transfemoral access. Post-TAVR, heart failure hospitalization rates and hospitalized days were reduced compared with pre-TAVR (rate ratio: 0.87 and 0.95 respectively; p < 0.01 for all). However, all-cause, noncardiovascular, and bleeding hospitalization rates and hospitalized days were increased (p < 0.01 for all). Post-TAVR hospitalizations were reduced the most among those with left ventricular ejection fraction <30%. Mean post-TAVR costs were reduced among all TAVR patients and among 1-year survivors (rate ratio: 0.95, p < 0.01; and 0.90; p < 0.01, respectively). Conclusions: Patients had lower costs and fewer heart failure hospitalizations but more all-cause, noncardiovascular, and bleeding hospitalizations post-TAVR. Reduction in hospitalizations varied by specific patient subgroups, and thus, payors and providers seeking to reduce resource use may consider strategies designed to improve processes of care among patients with increased resource utilization post-TAVR as compared with pre-TAVR.
- heart failure
- transcatheter aortic valve replacement
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine