Hospital Infection Prevention and Control: A Model for Improving the Quality of Hospital Care in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

W. Charles Huskins, Barbara M. Soule, Carol O'Boyle, László Gulácsi, Edward J. O'Rourke, Donald A. Goldmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Continuous quality improvement (CQI) is a powerful methodology for improving clinical outcomes and patient satisfaction while reducing inefficiency and costs. However, most hospitals in low- and middle-income countries have little experience with CQI methods. Hospital infection prevention is an ideal model for nascent efforts to improve the quality of hospital care because of its proven efficacy in reducing the occurrence of infections that compromise patient outcomes and increase costs. This article describes the design and implementation of a demonstration project to reduce the incidence of surgical-site infections (SSIs) for hospitals with little experience with quality-improvement methods. The project has a high likelihood of producing measurable reductions in SSI rates and hospital costs related to inefficient use of perioperative antimicrobial prophylaxis. Moreover, participating staff will gain experience that can be applied to efforts to improve the quality of other aspects of hospital care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)125-135
Number of pages11
JournalInfection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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