We have investigated the genetic and molecular basis of immune responsiveness to short ragweed (SRW) (Ambrosia artemisiifolia) extract, and group 5 allergens from short and giant (Ambrosia trifida) ragweed using transgenic mice expressing DQ6 (HLA-DQA1*0103, HLA-DQB1*0601) and DQ8 (HLA- DQA1*0301, HLA-DQB1*0302) genes in class II knockout (Aβ°) mice. Panels of overlapping peptides spanning the Amb a 5 and Amb t 5 Ags were synthesized. Mice were immunized with whole SRW extract or individual peptides s.c. and lymph node cells (LNC) were challenged in vitro. Strong T cell responses to SRW extract were measured in both HLA-DQ transgenic mice, while control, HLA-DQ6-/DQ8-/H-2Aβ°, mice were unresponsive. IL-5 and IL- 10 were the primary cytokines produced by in vitro challenged LNC of SRW- primed transgenic mice. HLA-DQ6-restricted T cell responses were detected to all three peptides of Amb t 5 and two determinants (residues 1-20 and 11-30) on Amb a 5. In contrast, LNC of HLA-DQ8 mice did not recognize peptide 11-30 of Arab t 5 Ag, but recognized several Amb a 5 determinants. The immune response in transgenic mice was dependent upon CD4+ T cells and was HLA-DQ restricted. Primed with purified Amb t 5, both transgenics recognized peptide 21-40, and an additional DQ6-restricted epitope was found within residue 1- 20. SRW-immunized HLA-DQ6 mice respond to peptide 11-30 of Amb a 5, while HLA-DQ8 mice strongly recognize peptide 1-20. These results demonstrate the specificity of HLA class II polymorphism in allergen sensitivity and pave the way for developing antagonistic peptides for desensitization.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Aug 15 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy