History of sexual abuse and obesity treatment outcome

Teresa K. King, Matthew M. Clark, Vincent Pera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

63 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, clinical data from 22 obese women who reported a history of sexual abuse were compared to clinical data from 22 obese women who denied a history of sexual abuse. Subjects were matched for body mass index (BMI), sex, and age. All subjects were enrolled in a multidisciplinary outpatient hospital-based very-low-calorie diet (VLCD) weight-management program. Subjects completed a structured clinical interview, the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and the Weight Efficacy Life-Style Questionnaire (WEL). Subjects with a history of sexual abuse lost significantly less weight and reported more episodes of nonadherence. Possible explanations for these findings include both psychiatric distress and low weight self-efficacy. The difference between the groups in self-efficacy was greatest in situations involving negative affect or physical discomfort.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)283-290
Number of pages8
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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