Histopathologic and immunohistochemical comparison of human, rabbit, and swine aneurysms embolized with platinum coils

Daying Dai, Yong Hong Ding, Mark A. Danielson, Ramanathan Kadirvel, Debra A. Lewis, Harry J. Cloft, David F. Kallmes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

62 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to clarify the cellular mechanisms of aneurysmal healing by comparing histologic and immunohistochemical findings in experimental rabbit and swine aneurysms to a human aneurysm embolized with platinum coils. METHODS: Swine sidewall aneurysms (n = 5, harvested at 12 weeks) and elastase-induced rabbit aneurysms (n = 6, harvested at 24 weeks) were created and embolized. A single human aneurysm, embolized 6 years before death, was harvested following autopsy. All specimens were processed by using a modified paraffin embedding technique. Tissue was sectioned and stained with hematoxylin and eosin and Masson trichrome. Immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence were performed with multiple antibodies, including alpha smooth muscle actin, myosin heavy chain, desmin, vimentin, and CD31. RESULTS: The human aneurysm's dome was filled with loose, hypocellular, amorphous tissue. The aneurysm's neck was completely covered with a thin layer of hypocellular tissue. Collagen and myofibroblasts were sparse in both the dome and neck. Rabbit aneurysms' domes were also filled with a loose, hypocellular tissue, amorphous matrix. In 5 of 6 aneurysms, a thin layer of hypocellular tissue ran along the neck. Collagen and myofibroblasts were sparse in the dome. Swine aneurysms were filled with densely infiltrated tissue, including chronic inflammatory tissue and extensive, attenuated collagen fiber bundles associated with myofibroblasts. Thick layers of myofibroblasts entirely bridged the necks. CONCLUSIONS: Absence of collagen deposition and scant myofibroblastic reaction to platinum coil embolization are seen in the rabbit model but not in swine aneurysms. The elastase-induced aneurysm model in rabbits is more suitable than sidewall swine aneurysms for testing of modified devices aimed at improving intra-aneurysmal fibrosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2560-2568
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Volume26
Issue number10
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology

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