Histologic Outcomes With Vedolizumab Versus Adalimumab in Ulcerative Colitis: Results From An Efficacy and Safety Study of Vedolizumab Intravenous Compared to Adalimumab Subcutaneous in Participants With Ulcerative Colitis (VARSITY)

Laurent Peyrin-Biroulet, Edward V. Loftus, Jean Frédéric Colombel, Silvio Danese, Raquel Rogers, Jeffrey D. Bornstein, Jingjing Chen, Stefan Schreiber, Bruce E. Sands, Richard A. Lirio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and Aims: VARSITY (An Efficacy and Safety Study of Vedolizumab Intravenous [IV] Compared to Adalimumab Subcutaneous [SC] in Participants With Ulcerative Colitis) showed superior clinical remission and endoscopic improvement in ulcerative colitis with vedolizumab vs adalimumab. This analysis compared histologic outcomes. Methods: Patients in VARSITY were randomized 1:1 to maintenance with vedolizumab IV 300 mg every 8 weeks or adalimumab SC 40 mg every 2 weeks (both following standard induction). Geboes Index and Robarts Histopathology Index (RHI) scores were used to assess prespecified histologic exploratory end points of histologic remission (Geboes <2 or RHI ≤2) and minimal histologic disease activity (Geboes ≤3.1 or RHI ≤4) at weeks 14 and 52. Results: In total, 769 patients received vedolizumab (n = 383) or adalimumab (n = 386). Mean baseline histologic disease activity was similar between vedolizumab and adalimumab groups. Vedolizumab induced greater histologic remission than adalimumab at week 14 (Geboes: 16.7% vs 7.3%, Δ9.4% [95% confidence interval {CI}, 4.9%–13.9%], P <.0001; RHI: 25.6% vs 16.1%, Δ9.5% [95% CI, 3.8%–15.2%], P =.0011) and week 52 (Geboes: 29.2% vs 8.3%, Δ20.9% [95% CI, 15.6%–26.2%], P <.0001; RHI: 37.6% vs 19.9%, Δ17.6% [95% CI, 11.3%–23.8%], P <.0001) overall and in both anti–tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-naïve and -failure subgroups. Results were similar for minimal histologic disease activity. Histologic outcomes were generally better in anti–TNF-naïve vs -failure patients. At week 52, rates of mucosal healing (composite end point of histologic plus endoscopic improvement) were also higher with vedolizumab than adalimumab (Geboes: 25.6% vs 6.7%; RHI: 30.5% vs 14.5%). Conclusions: Higher rates of histologic remission, minimal histologic disease activity, and combined histologic plus endoscopic outcomes were observed with vedolizumab than with adalimumab in ulcerative colitis in both anti–TNF-naïve and -failure subgroups. Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02497469; EudraCT 2015-000939-33

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1156-1167.e3
JournalGastroenterology
Volume161
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Endoscopic Improvement
  • Histologic Remission
  • Rapid Onset

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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