Purpose: We investigated the hypothesis that increasing fMRI temporal resolution using a multiband (MB) gradient echo-echo planar imaging (GRE-EPI) pulse sequence provides fMRI language maps of higher statistical quality than those acquired with a traditional GRE-EPI sequence. Methods: This prospective study enrolled 29 consecutive patients receiving language fMRI prior to a potential brain resection for tumor, AVM, or epilepsy. A 4-min rhyming task was performed at 3.0 Tesla with a traditional GRE-EPI pulse sequence (TR = 2000, TE = 30, matrix = 64/100%, slice = 4/0, FOV = 24, slices = 30, time points = 120) and an additional MB GRE-EPI pulse sequence with an acceleration factor of 6 (TR = 333, TE = 30, matrix 64/100%, slice = 4/0, FOV = 24, time points = 720). Spatially filtered t statistical maps were generated. Volumes of interest (VOIs) were drawn around activations at Broca’s, dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, Wernicke’s, and the visual word form areas. The t value maxima were measured for the overall brain and each of the VOIs. A paired t test was performed for the corresponding traditional and MB GRE-EPI measurements. Results: The mean age of subjects was 42.6 years old (18–75). Sixty-two percent were male. The average overall brain t statistic maxima for the MB pulse sequence (t = 15.4) was higher than for the traditional pulse sequence (t = 9.3, p = <.0001). This also held true for Broca’s area (p < 0.0001), Wernicke’s area (p <.0001), dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (p <.0001), and the visual word form area (p <.0001). Conclusion: A MB GRE-EPI fMRI pulse sequence employing high temporal resolution provides clinical fMRI language maps of greater statistical significance than those obtained with a traditional GRE-EPI sequence.
- Functional MRI
- Language maps
- Multiband pulse sequences
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine