High-Sensitivity Cardiac Troponin T for the Detection of Myocardial Injury and Risk Stratification in COVID-19

Laura De Michieli, Olatunde Ola, Jonathan D. Knott, Ashok Akula, Ramila A. Mehta, David O. Hodge, Marshall Dworak, Eric H. Yang, Michael Gharacholou, Gurpreet Singh, Ripudamanjit Singh, Rajiv Gulati, Allan S. Jaffe, Yader Sandoval

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Limited data exist on high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) for risk-stratification in COVID-19. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, retrospective, observational, US-based study of COVID-19 patients undergoing hs-cTnT. Outcomes included short-term mortality (in-hospital and 30-days post-discharge) and a composite of major adverse events, including respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation, cardiac arrest, and shock within the index presentation and/or mortality during the index hospitalization or within 30-days post-discharge. RESULTS: Among 367 COVID-19 patients undergoing hs-cTnT, myocardial injury was identified in 46%. They had a higher risk for mortality (20% vs 12%, P < 0.0001; unadjusted HR 4.44, 95% CI 2.13-9.25, P < 0.001) and major adverse events (35% vs. 11%, P < 0.0001; unadjusted OR 4.29, 95% CI 2.50-7.40, P < 0.0001). Myocardial injury was associated with major adverse events (adjusted OR 3.84, 95% CI 2.00-7.36, P < 0.0001) but not mortality. Baseline (adjusted OR 1.003, 95% CI 1.00-1.007, P = 0.047) and maximum (adjusted OR 1.005, 95% CI 1.001-1.009, P = 0.0012) hs-cTnT were independent predictors of major adverse events. Most (95%) increases were due to myocardial injury, with 5% (n = 8) classified as type 1 or 2 myocardial infarction. A single hs-cTnT <6 ng/L identified 26% of patients without mortality, with a 94.9% (95% CI 87.5-98.6) negative predictive value and 93.1% sensitivity (95% CI 83.3-98.1) for major adverse events in those presenting to the ED. CONCLUSIONS: Myocardial injury is frequent and prognostic in COVID-19. While most hs-cTnT increases are modest and due to myocardial injury, they have important prognostic implications. A single hs-cTnT <6 ng/L at presentation may facilitate the identification of patients with a favorable prognosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1080-1089
Number of pages10
JournalClinical chemistry
Volume67
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 5 2021

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • high sensitivity cardiac troponin T
  • myocardial infarction
  • myocardial injury
  • risk stratification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'High-Sensitivity Cardiac Troponin T for the Detection of Myocardial Injury and Risk Stratification in COVID-19'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this