High resolution, full field-of-view, whole body photon-counting detector ct: System assessment and initial experience

Kishore Rajendran, Jeff Marsh, Martin Petersilka, André Henning, Elisabeth Shanblatt, Bernhard Schmidt, Thomas Flohr, Joel Fletcher, Cynthia McCollough, Shuai Leng

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Computed tomography (CT) using photon-counting detectors (PCD) offers dose-efficient ultra-high-resolution imaging, high iodine contrast-to-noise ratio, multi-energy and material decomposition capabilities. We have previously demonstrated the potential benefits of PCD-CT using phantoms, cadavers, and human studies on a prototype PCD-CT system. This system, however, had several limitations in terms of scan field-of-view (FOV) and longitudinal coverage. Recently, a full FOV (50 cm) PCD-CT system with wider longitudinal coverage and higher spatial resolution (0.15 mm detector pixels) has been installed in our lab capable of human scanning at clinical dose and dose rate. In this work, we share our initial experience of the new PCD-CT system and compare its performance with a state-of-the-art 3rd generation dual-source CT scanner. Basic image quality was assessed using an ACR CT accreditation phantom, high-resolution performance using an anthropomorphic head phantom, and multi-energy and material decomposition performance using a multi-energy CT phantom containing various concentrations of iodine and hydroxyapatite. Finally, we demonstrate the feasibility of high-resolution, full FOV PCD-CT imaging for improved delineation of anatomical and pathological features in a patient with pulmonary nodules.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMedical Imaging 2021
Subtitle of host publicationPhysics of Medical Imaging
EditorsHilde Bosmans, Wei Zhao, Lifeng Yu
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781510640191
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021
EventMedical Imaging 2021: Physics of Medical Imaging - Virtual, Online, United States
Duration: Feb 15 2021Feb 19 2021

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
Volume11595
ISSN (Print)1605-7422

Conference

ConferenceMedical Imaging 2021: Physics of Medical Imaging
CountryUnited States
CityVirtual, Online
Period2/15/212/19/21

Keywords

  • Image quality.
  • Multi-energy ct
  • Photon-counting detectors
  • Ultra-high spatial resolution
  • X-ray computed tomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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