High levels of oxidized LDL in circulating immune complexes are associated with increased odds of developing abnormal albuminuria in Type 1 diabetes

Maria F. Lopes-Virella, Rickey E. Carter, Nathaniel L. Baker, John Lachin, Gabriel Virella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. Modified low-density lipoprotein (LDL) immune complexes (IC) have proinflammatory properties and play a role in albuminuria development. Methods. We measured oxidized LDL (oxLDL) and advanced glycation end-product (AGE)-LDL in IC isolated from sera of Type 1 diabetic subjects followed for 14-20 years and studied their association with abnormal albuminuria. Patients with albumin excretion rates (AER) <40 mg/24 h at baseline and follow-up (n = 302) were deemed resistant to developing abnormal albuminuria. Patients with AER <40 mg/24 h at baseline whose AER levels progressed to >40 mg/24 h were considered prone to abnormal albuminuria (n = 185), those who progress to AER >299 mg/24 h were considered as having macroalbuminuria (n = 57). The odds of developing abnormal albuminuria were estimated by logistic regression based on natural log-transformed levels of oxLDL and AGE-LDL in IC and stratified by baseline AER decile. Results. OxLDL and AGE-LDL were significantly higher in IC isolated from patients progressing to abnormal albuminuria. In unadjusted conditional logistic analysis, an increase of 1 SD in oxLDL and AGE-LDL levels in IC significantly increased the odds ratio (OR) for development of macroalbuminuria, respectively, by a factor of 2.5 and 1.8 (P < 0.001, P = 0.008). The increased odds of developing macroalbuminuria remained significant when adjusted for treatment group, diabetes duration, retinopathy, baseline hemoglobin A1c and LDL (OR = 2.5 and 1.8, respectively, P < 0.01).Conclusion.Higher levels of oxLDL and AGE-LDL in circulating IC were associated with increased odds to develop abnormal albuminuria.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1416-1423
Number of pages8
JournalNephrology Dialysis Transplantation
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2012

Keywords

  • albuminuria
  • diabetic nephropathy
  • immune complexes
  • modified lipoproteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Transplantation

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