Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) is an aggressive lymphoid malignancy associated with a poor clinical prognosis. The AITL tumor microenvironment (TME) is unique, featuring a minority population of malignant CD4+ T follicular helper (TFH) cells inter-mixed with a diverse infiltrate of multi-lineage immune cells. While much of the understanding of AITL biology to date has focused on characteristics of the malignant clone, less is known about the many non-malignant populations that comprise the TME. Recently, mutational consistencies have been identified between malignant cells and non-malignant B cells within the AITL TME. As a result, a significant role for non-malignant populations in AITL biology has been increasingly hypothesized. In this study, we have utilized mass cytometry and single-cell transcriptome analysis to identify several expanded populations within the AITL TME. Notably, we find that B cells within the AITL TME feature decreased expression of key markers including CD73 and CXCR5. Furthermore, we describe the expansion of distinct CD8+ T cell populations that feature an exhausted phenotype and an underlying expression profile indicative of dysfunction, impaired cytotoxicity, and upregulation of the chemokines XCL2 and XCL1.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research