Herpes simplex virus 1 encephalitis associated with voltage-gated calcium channel autoimmunity

Michael J. Bradshaw, Siddharama Pawate, Vanda A. Lennon, Karen C. Bloch, Kelly M. Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debatepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Encephalitis is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality, yet a causative factor is identified in <50% of cases. 1 The most common causes are infectious (particularly herpes simplex virus [HSV]) and autoimmune. 2 Diagnosis of the latter potentially treatable cause is aided by the detection in serum or CSF of an informative profile of autoantibodies against neuronal intracellular proteins and plasma membrane proteins (e.g., voltage-gated potassium channel [VGKC] complex and calcium channels [VGCC, P/Q-type or N-type] and a growing list of glutamate receptors [R] and other autoantibodies of synaptic specificity). 3,4 Neural autoantibodies, particularly NMDA-R-IgG, have recently been reported in the setting of viral encephalitides. 5,6 Herein, we report a unique case of N-type VGCC autoantibody temporally associated with HSV encephalitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2176-2177
Number of pages2
JournalNeurology
Volume85
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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