Hepatic Steatosis in Hepatitis C Virus Genotype 3 Infection: Does It Correlate with Body Mass Index, Fibrosis, and HCV Risk Factors?

Pratima Sharma, Vijayan Balan, Jose Hernandez, Marianne Rosati, James Williams, Hector Rodriguez-Luna, Joan Schwartz, Edwyn Harrison, Monte Anderson, Thomas Byrne, Hugo E. Vargas, David D. Douglas, Jorge Rakela

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hepatic steatosis is a recognized feature of hepatitis C viral infection, particularly in genotype 3. The demographics and the associations contributing to moderate to severe steatosis in genotype 3 are not very well studied. The aim of this study is to determine the demographics and association of steatosis with fibrosis, obesity, diabetes, lipid levels, and risk factors among patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 3. Two hundred ninety-three consecutive HCV patients (genotype 1, n = 218; genotype 2, n = 43; genotype 3, n = 32) at our institution were studied retrospectively. Demographic information such as height, weight, genotype, risk factors, serum cholesterol and triglyceride, and liver biopsy was collected. Steatosis was graded using the Brunt classification. HCV genotype 3-infected patients were younger (P < 0.04) and had lower serum cholesterol levels (P < 0.02) compared to nongenotype 3 patients. Moderate to severe steatosis was more prevalent in HCV genotype 3 patients (P < 0.001) with intravenous drug abuse as a risk factor (P = 0.04). Genotype 3 was the independent predictor of steatosis in all patients. There was no statistical association between grade of steatosis and body mass index, fibrosis, necroinflammation, or hyperlipidemia when only HCV genotype 3 patients were included in the multivariate logistic model. Hepatic steatosis is a feature of genotype 3. Patients with HCV genotype 3 are younger and have lower serum cholesterol levels. Genotype 3 is the independent predictor for steatosis in HCV patients. HCV genotype 3 patients with moderate to severe steatosis are more likely to have intravenous drug use as a risk factor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-29
Number of pages5
JournalDigestive diseases and sciences
Volume49
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004

Keywords

  • Hepatic steatosis
  • Hepatitis C virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Gastroenterology

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