Background:Sickle cell disease is a homozygous hemoglobinopathy with vaso-occlusive complications secondary to abnormal sickling of red blood cells under stressful conditions such as hypoxia. Children with sickle cell trait have a heterozygous genetic state, typically without symptoms.Observation:An 8-year-old boy diagnosed with sickle cell trait was found to have multiple complications consistent with sickle cell disease, including pain crises, osteomyelitis, and priapism. Over a 6-year period, he underwent routine laboratory evaluations without a definitive diagnosis. The diagnosis of a compound heterozygous state of hemoglobin S/hemoglobin Quebec-Chori was eventually made on the basis of mass spectrometry and confirmed with hemoglobin subunit beta gene sequencing.Conclusion:Expanding diagnostic evaluation in patients with abnormal clinical presentations is vital to making the correct diagnosis and hence earlier institution of appropriate management of rare hemoglobinopathies.
- sickle cell disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health