Hemodynamic and Metabolic Changes in Hepatic Transplantation

STEVEN R. RETTKE, THEODORE A. JANOSSY, ROBERT C. CHANTIGIAN, MARY F. BURRITT, RUSSELL A. VAN DYKE, JAMES V. HARPER, DUANE M. ILSTRUP, HOWARD F. TASWELL, RUSSELL H. WIESNER, RUUD A.F. KROM

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Abstract

In this study, we retrospectively analyzed the intraoperative hemodynamic, laboratory, and coagulation data on the first 83 patients who underwent an initial liver transplantation procedure at our institution. The major hemodynamic changes at the time of reperfusion of the donor liver were significant decreases in arterial blood pressure, systemic vascular resistance, and pulmonary artery temperature and significant increases in cardiac output and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure. The alterations in laboratory values reflected intraoperative therapeutic manipulations. Citrate toxicity is a concern, and the amount of calcium chloride administered reflected the volume of blood transfused. On reperfusion, the fibrinogen concentration decreased and both the prothrombin time and the activated partial thromboplastin time increased. This coagulopathy was also evident in the thromboelastographic values. Aggressive monitoring and prompt intervention are necessary to maintain hemodynamic and metabolic homeostasis in these patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)232-240
Number of pages9
JournalMayo Clinic proceedings
Volume64
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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    RETTKE, STEVEN. R., JANOSSY, THEODORE. A., CHANTIGIAN, ROBERT. C., BURRITT, MARY. F., VAN DYKE, RUSSELL. A., HARPER, JAMES. V., ILSTRUP, DUANE. M., TASWELL, HOWARD. F., WIESNER, RUSSELL. H., & KROM, RUUD. A. F. (1989). Hemodynamic and Metabolic Changes in Hepatic Transplantation. Mayo Clinic proceedings, 64(2), 232-240. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0025-6196(12)65678-X