Healthy Immigrant Families: Randomized Controlled Trial of a Family-Based Nutrition and Physical Activity Intervention

Mark L. Wieland, Marcelo M.M. Hanza, Jennifer A. Weis, Sonja J. Meiers, Christi Ann Patten, Matthew M Clark, Jeff A Sloan, Paul J. Novotny, Jane W. Njeru, Adeline Abbenyi, James A. Levine, Miriam Goodson, Graciela D.Porraz Capetillo, Ahmed Osman, Abdullah Hared, Julie A. Nigon, Irene Gaw Sia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate a healthy eating and physical activity intervention for immigrant families, derived through community-based participatory research. Design: The Healthy Immigrant Families study was a randomized controlled trial with delayed intervention control group, with families as the randomization unit. Setting: US Midwest city. Participants: Participants were recruited by community partners from Hispanic, Somali, and Sudanese immigrant communities. Intervention: Family health promoters from participating communities delivered 6 healthy eating modules, 4 physical activity modules, and 2 modules synthesizing information in 12 home visits (60-90 minutes) within the first 6 months. Up to 12 follow-up phone calls to each participant occurred within the second 6 months. Measures: Primary measures were dietary quality measured with weekday 24-hour recall and reported as Healthy Eating Index score (0-100) and physical activity measured with accelerometers (14 wear days) at baseline, 6, 12, and 24 months. Results: In total, 151 persons (81 adolescents and 70 adults; 44 families) were randomly assigned. At 12 months, significant improvement occurred in Healthy Eating Index scores for adults in the intervention group compared with controls (change, +8.6 vs −4.4; P <.01) and persisted at 24 months (+7.4 from baseline; P <.01). No differences were observed for adolescents and no significant differences occurred between groups for physical activity. Conclusion: This intervention produced sustained dietary quality improvement among adults but not among adolescents. Program outcomes are relevant to communities working to decrease cardiovascular risk among immigrant populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)473-484
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Promotion
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2018

Fingerprint

nutrition
eating behavior
Randomized Controlled Trials
immigrant
Exercise
community
adolescent
Midwestern United States
Community-Based Participatory Research
House Calls
Family Health
Random Allocation
Quality Improvement
Hispanic Americans
Group
Control Groups
Healthy Diet
human being
Population
health

Keywords

  • community-based participatory research
  • dietary quality
  • immigrant–refugee health
  • physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Healthy Immigrant Families : Randomized Controlled Trial of a Family-Based Nutrition and Physical Activity Intervention. / Wieland, Mark L.; Hanza, Marcelo M.M.; Weis, Jennifer A.; Meiers, Sonja J.; Patten, Christi Ann; Clark, Matthew M; Sloan, Jeff A; Novotny, Paul J.; Njeru, Jane W.; Abbenyi, Adeline; Levine, James A.; Goodson, Miriam; Capetillo, Graciela D.Porraz; Osman, Ahmed; Hared, Abdullah; Nigon, Julie A.; Sia, Irene Gaw.

In: American Journal of Health Promotion, Vol. 32, No. 2, 01.02.2018, p. 473-484.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wieland, ML, Hanza, MMM, Weis, JA, Meiers, SJ, Patten, CA, Clark, MM, Sloan, JA, Novotny, PJ, Njeru, JW, Abbenyi, A, Levine, JA, Goodson, M, Capetillo, GDP, Osman, A, Hared, A, Nigon, JA & Sia, IG 2018, 'Healthy Immigrant Families: Randomized Controlled Trial of a Family-Based Nutrition and Physical Activity Intervention', American Journal of Health Promotion, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 473-484. https://doi.org/10.1177/0890117117733342
Wieland, Mark L. ; Hanza, Marcelo M.M. ; Weis, Jennifer A. ; Meiers, Sonja J. ; Patten, Christi Ann ; Clark, Matthew M ; Sloan, Jeff A ; Novotny, Paul J. ; Njeru, Jane W. ; Abbenyi, Adeline ; Levine, James A. ; Goodson, Miriam ; Capetillo, Graciela D.Porraz ; Osman, Ahmed ; Hared, Abdullah ; Nigon, Julie A. ; Sia, Irene Gaw. / Healthy Immigrant Families : Randomized Controlled Trial of a Family-Based Nutrition and Physical Activity Intervention. In: American Journal of Health Promotion. 2018 ; Vol. 32, No. 2. pp. 473-484.
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