Health Care Utilization by Body Mass Index in a Pediatric Population

Brian A Lynch, Lila J Rutten, Robert M. Jacobson, Seema Kumar, Muhamad Y Elrashidi, Patrick M. Wilson, Debra J. Jacobson, Jennifer St. Sauver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective We tested the hypothesis that the frequency of emergency department (ED) visits, outpatient clinic visits, and hospitalizations were higher among children with higher body mass index (BMI) categories, even after controlling for demographics, socioeconomic status, and presence of other chronic medical conditions. Methods We obtained electronic height, weight, and utilization data for all residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota, aged 2 to 18 years on January 1, 2005 (n = 34,335), and calculated baseline BMI (kg/m2). At least 1 BMI measurement and permission to use medical record information was available for 19,771 children (58%); 19,528 with follow-up comprised the final cohort. BMIs were categorized into underweight/healthy weight (

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)644-650
Number of pages7
JournalAcademic Pediatrics
Volume15
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2015

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Keywords

  • adolescent
  • child
  • emergency service
  • health services utilization
  • hospital utilization
  • obesity
  • pediatric obesity
  • preschool

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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