Harnessing the effects of endurance exercise to optimize cognitive health: Fundamental insights from Dr. Mark P. Mattson

Sarah K. Jachim, Ayumi E. Sakamoto, Xu Zhang, Vesselina M. Pearsall, Marissa J. Schafer, Nathan K. LeBrasseur

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Dr. Mark Mattson has had a highly productive and impactful tenure as a neuroscientist at the Intramural Research Program of the National Institute on Aging. He has made notable contributions to understanding the mechanisms by which energetic stress, imparted by behaviors such as physical activity and periods of fasting, promotes rejuvenation and resilience within brain regions critical for learning and memory. In honor of Dr. Mattson's work, this manuscript will highlight the fascinating mechanisms by which endurance exercise training conveys beneficial effects upon the structure and function of the nervous system; that is, by mediating the synthesis and secretion of factors that directly support brain homeostasis, including brain-derived neurotrophic factor, FNDC5/irisin, ketone bodies, growth factors, cathepsin B, serotonin, and 4-hydroxynonenal. The molecular and cellular effects of these factors are discussed herein. In the face of population aging and an overwhelming surge in the prevalence of Alzheimer's disease and related disorders, Dr. Mattson's work as a champion and role model for physically active lifestyles is more important than ever.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101147
JournalAgeing Research Reviews
Volume64
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Brain-derived neurotrophic factor
  • Ketone bodies
  • Neurogenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Aging
  • Molecular Biology
  • Neurology

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