Guillain-Barré syndrome in an immunocompromised patient and coccidioidomycosis infection

Hema R. Murali, Keith A. Josephs, Eelco F.M. Wijdicks

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

A 70-year-old man was referred for evaluation of a 2-week history of numbness and progressive weakness in his lower and upper extremities and subsequently diagnosed with Guillain-Barré syndrome. The patient had been taking mycophenolate mofetil 500 mg twice daily and tacrolimus 6 mg daily for immunosuppression following a kidney transplant 2 years earlier. However, 5 weeks prior to presentation he had been diagnosed with pneumonia due to coccidioidomycosis and his tacrolimus dose was reduced to 1 mg daily to prevent a drug interaction with fluconazole, which was prescribed to treat the coccidioidomycosis infection. The authors surmise that the reduced tacrolimus dose, coupled with a relatively low maintenance dose of mycophenolate mofetil, left the patient less immunosuppressed and therefore able to mount an immune response to the coccidioidomycosis infection, resulting in Guillain-Barré syndrome. This is the first known report of an association between coccidioidomycosis infection and Guillain-Barré syndrome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)82-84
Number of pages3
JournalReviews in Neurological Diseases
Volume3
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2006

Keywords

  • Coccidioidomycosis
  • Guillain-Barré syndrome
  • Immunosuppression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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